Summary of Pasternak's Research
Average total number of minutes that all children in a neighborhood use a specific 'playground' is approximately 15 minutes per day (per playground).
Average number of children using 'play' equipment per 'playground' per day - approximately 5 children. (in neighborhoods of 200 - 500 children).
Slides, swings and sand often hit 160 degrees on sunny days. Often equipment is painted red (which absorbs heat - adding to the hazardous situation).
Sand around swings etc. compacted like concrete -often containing broken glass.
Sandboxes often had glass and other debris. Typically no source for water to use in sand box (how do you build sandcastles without water?)
Concrete anchors of swings (and other equipment) heaved above ground often with knife sharp jagged edges.
Generally there was no shade over the equipment - or on any other part of the 'play' area.
There was no pattern of use of apparatus - that is, the children did not rotate from apparatus to apparatus in set pattern (there was no pattern).
None of the more complex playground apparati were used anymore than the simpler cheaper apparati.
Often wooden playground apparati were coated with wood preservative. And depending on the type of wood preservative used and the method of wood treating - could be an added health risk to children- especially with wood slivers.
The playground was something to use when playing tag - that is children just ran through the playground while escaping being tagged.
Hanging out at the Beckers, eating popsicles, talking with friends, playing tag, playing catch, goofing around, riding bikes etc. The results of this study provoked a National Conference On Playgrounds